Quick question. I know we should be eating a proper ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 foods.
In layman’s terms, should we be eating more omega-3′s to omega-6′s or vice versa? Could you give me an example of how that reflects in one’s daily diet, i.e., more fish and leafy veggies vs. nuts?
Thanks so much!!
With confusion, as usual,
The proper ratio of omega 6′s to omega 3′s is between 1:1 and 4:1. The problem is that most people’s ratio is about 40:1. Not good. As we know, this causes inflammation (as the 3′s keep inflammation at bay and the 6′s increase it).
The first goal is to keep your omega 6 consumption down so as to keep the ratio healthy. Eating fish (especially wild caught salmon, sardines, herring, mackerel, anchovies, and others) is your other first goal. I eat sardines every day, and by doing that it means I don’t have to take a disgusting fish oil pill :)
Omega 6′s are found largely in the American diet in corn oil, sunflower oil, safflower oil, cottonseed oil, peanut oil, and other “vegetable” oils. They’re also in seeds and nuts in varying degrees, and in meat in small amounts. When you stop eating those oils I mentioned, your ratio really improves a lot. So if you’re not eating corn oil, etc. then you’re doing much better than the average Western eater in terms of heart disease and other diseases of inflammation.
Just make sure you’re getting some good cold water fish in your diet at least once a week. Once a day would be even better, especially if it’s a low mercury option. Here’s a guide to fish’s mercury levels in case you’re curious. Eating grass-fed and pasture raised meats and eggs also improves your ratio. For instance, one study found that grain-fed beef has a ratio of about 5:1 omega 6 to omega 3 while grass-fed beef is about 2:1.
If you want to supplement just to be sure you’re getting enough omega 3′s, that’s fine, too. Designs for Health makes good fish oil supplements and you can find them online.
For a much more in-depth discussion of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, please read Chris Kresser’s article, “How Too Much Omega 6 And Not Enough Omega 3 Is Making Us Sick.”
Hope that helps!