Melissa McEwen of www.huntgatherlove.com wrote an awesome post about why people eating Paleo, Primal, low-carb, GAPS, or some similar diet might have stomach problems, even if they never had them before they started the diet. I strongly recommend you check out that post if you haven’t totally resolved your digestive issues on this kind of diet, or if you suddenly started having indigestion, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, stomach cramps, or worse. She briefly goes over some possibilities for your toilet troubles, including the following.
- Powerful “cleanses” can irritate your gut.
- Increasing your intake of FODMAPs (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols), which are in everything from nectarines to cauliflower, can irritate your gut.
- A lot of foods–even Paleo or Primal foods–have toxins in them. If you overeat them, you might not feel so great.
- Fermented foods like kim-chi and sauerkraut aren’t always great for everyone, especially not in large quantities.
- High fat diets can take some time to get used to, and so can high protein diets.
- Certain supplements, or taking a ton at one time, can irritate your gut.
- Sometimes people don’t eat enough, which can cause gas, bloating, constipation, etc.
- Some people with gut issues just have an underlying, covert food poisoning or parasite situation going on and should be tested and treated for it by a medical professional.
- Some people have something bigger happening, like Crohn’s or ulcerative colitis, or even major thyroid issues, and diet alone may not be able to fix it. Those people need to be treated by a medical professional.
I’m just going to put in my two cents on digestive issues because I think it’s a common problem. For instance, my good friend has been Paleo to a tee for years and struggles with bloating, cramping, and constipation. She just recently decided to make some of the changes discussed in this post to her diet and she’s having some success. There are things you can consider and actions you can take to figure out what’s going on.
Food Sensitivities and Intolerances
Like Melissa said, all foods can be toxic. Once you’ve wrecked your gut, just because you go Paleo or get on a “clean” diet doesn’t mean you’re instantly healed. You might still be developing food sensitivities to things that are perfectly legal on these diets because your gut is still wrecked. It can take years, or a lifetime to heal it. Eggs, nuts, coffee, tomatoes, and coconut products (especially coconut milk because of the guar gum and FODMAPs) are very common culprits. Experiment with removing those things from your diet one at a time for a couple weeks each to see if they’re causing problems for you.
If you take all those things out and you’re still having problems, you’ll want to start digging a little deeper. Maybe you never really ate beef before and now you’re eating it with two meals a day, but you’ve actually had a sensitivity to it all along. There are tests you can take (I do the LEAP food sensitivities test) to figure that out.
Some foods are just hard to digest. For instance, there’s been a smattering of gaseous, raucous noises in our household since we started eating tart-skinned plums. I stopped eating them when I realized the detrimental effect and all is fine with me. Unfortunately, my husband has refused to stop eating them…
In the beginning, a lot of people don’t have enough stomach acid or enzymes to digest the hearty foods they’re now eating, especially the extra meat. It’s ok – that can be remedied. Protein is digested in part by hydrochloric acid (HCl) in your stomach. A lot of people don’t produce enough HCl when they first start eating Paleo because their bodies aren’t accustomed to all that protein. When you supplement with HCl and digestive enzymes for a while, your body often starts creating enough of those things on its own again. Without HCl and enzymes, your food just rots in your digestive system, causing bloating, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, or gas. Here’s a blog post about how to supplement with HCl properly. Do not supplement HCl if you are on medication for heartburn or if you have a known ulcer.
As for enzymes, go to your holistic health practitioner, health food store, natural pharmacy, or online and buy a high quality enzyme spectrum supplement. It’ll be an inexpensive capsule containing enzymes that help digest carbs (amylase), protein (protease), and fat (lipase). Take the recommended dose at each meal with your first bite for a couple of weeks to see if that helps.
Remember that in the first month of changing your diet, anything can happen. You might have diarrhea, cramping… you might even throw up because you’re detoxifying. Give it some time and your issues will likely abate.
Being stressed can cause a lot of problems with digestion, so if you’re going through some big life event, not getting enough sleep or exercise, or you’re just generally anxious, work on that and see if it helps your gut. You know the ways: therapy, taking more time for yourself, yoga, meditation, sex, painting, whatever works for you. I know someone who had diarrhea for literally a year straight and when she broke up with her boyfriend and moved out of her house, it went away. Guess it was a stressful relationship…
If you do all those things and you still have problems, you may want to get checked out by a naturopath. They can run digestive tests on you to see what kinds of bugs might be living in your gut – parasites, yeast, bacteria, etc. They can help you get rid of those things. Don’t be afraid to admit that you can’t do it all on your own!
Anyone else have anything to add?