Ikaria is a breezy, warm island located on the eastern side of the Aegean sea, just west of Turkey. A recent article in the New York Times Magazine, “The Island Where People Forget To Die“, highlighted the lifestyle of the astounding number of nonagenarians (people in their 90′s) and centenarians (people in their 100′s) who live on the island.
According to the article, people in Ikaria are “reaching the age of 90 at two and a half times the rate Americans do… they were also living about 8 to 10 years longer before succumbing to cancers and cardiovascular disease, and they suffered less depression and about a quarter the rate of dementia.”
Who The Ikarians Are
So who are these magical elderly people and what are they eating?! Well, they’re relatively poor grape growers, animal tenders, gardeners, and wine drinkers who sleep a lot and eat relatively little meat. Sorry, guys. They’re not Paleo. They’re seemingly happy people who spend time drinking with their friends until the wee hours of the night. They wake up late and they take a nap every day. A doctor who works on the island said he doesn’t even open up his practice until 11am because nobody comes before then. And people don’t stress about time. The doctor says, “When you invite someone to lunch, they might come at 10 a.m. or 6 p.m. We simply don’t care about the clock here.” They don’t seem too stressed. I think that’s their first secret.
What They Eat
Their breakfast is goat’s milk, wine, sage tea or coffee, honey and whole wheat homemade bread. Lunch is typically beans (lentils, garbanzos), potatoes, greens (fennel, dandelion or a spinach-like green called horta) and whatever seasonal vegetables their garden produces. Dinner is often bread and goat’s milk. At Christmas and Easter, they slaughter the family pig and eat small bits of larded pork over the next few months. They eat fish twice a week, other meat 5 times a month, lots of veggies, and tons of olive oil. A lot of them start their day with a spoonful of raw honey, likely produced in their own neighborhood. They regularly drink quite a bit of wine with friends, and they end their day with a special tea made of marjoram, mint, rosemary, sage, lemon, and dandelion, all of which are considered medicinal plants.
So could I wax poetic about how the Paleo diet isn’t the elixir of long life? That people can eat all kinds of whole food traditional diets and live very long, healthy lives? I could, and it’s true, but I’m here to rationalize my sleep schedule.
Why I’m Awesome Like The Ikarians
My naturopath recently told me that at some point I need to be an adult and start waking up early and going to bed at a very boring hour. I told him I’ve always been a night person, but that I’d consider considering it. Instead, my sleep schedule has slipped more and more into teenager – or should I say Ikarian – status. Lately I go to sleep around 2am and wake up around 10am. Sometimes I allow myself to sleep even later than that because, well, I don’t set an alarm. For the sake of feeling socially acceptable, I’d love to be one of those people who naturally wakes up at 6am every day, bright-eyed and ready. I just have never been that person.
I think the concept of a responsible “adult” sleep schedule was forced upon us at the onset of the industrial age, along with outrageously early and long school hours, daylight savings time, and the expectation that people should work at least 9 hours a day during “work hours”. Yeah, our productivity is certainly improved and we’ve made some great advancements on many fronts because of these standards. But our health is declining rapidly and I’m pre-tty sure there’s a correlation there.
What about having a good life and getting some much needed sleep on a regular basis? What happened to valuing life outside of work?
Their Sleep Schedule
Luckily for the long-lived, healthy and happy Ikarians, this is not the Ikarian way! They wake up late, milk their goats for some late breakfast, go to their gardens or vineyards and work until mid-afternoon, have a late lunch, go to sleep for a while, then wake up and eat and drink with their friends and family until late at night. There has to be a correlation here between long, healthy lives and not being stressed out and under-slept all the time.
I, too, wake up late, milk my refrigerator for a late breakfast, do some combination of working, exercising, and eating throughout the rest of the day, then hang out with my husband and/or friends (with or without wine), then read an awesome book and go to sleep really late. I’ve been brainwashed out of taking naps, but other than that my schedule is more similar to theirs than to most adults I know. I’m a productive person, too. I wrote a book on this kind of schedule in 3 months. I’m a productive member of society AND I wake up late. It can happen and I wish more people would embrace the idea.
So judge me if you want to, but I’m pretty happy with this sleep schedule. Maybe I’ll go live (for a hundred years) on Ikaria where people understand me better…